Tag Archives: Civil War

Fredericksburg National Cemetery

Lafayette Boulevard, Fredericksburg, Virginia

The Fredericksburg National Cemetery is located on Willis Hill which is part of historic Marye’s Heights in Fredericksburg.

Fredericksburg National Cemetery MarkerApproximately 20,000 soldiers died in this region during the Civil War, their remains scattered throughout the countryside in shallow, often unmarked, graves.  In 1865 Congress established Fredericksburg National Cemetery as a final resting place for Union soldiers who died on battlefields.  Confederate soldiers were buried in cemeteries located at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Court House.

Work on Fredericksburg National Cemetery commenced in 1866 and was completed in 1869.  Veterans erected two major monuments here in the late 19th century, and the remains of 300 veterans of later wars were interred before 1945, when the cemetery closed to new burials.  Of the 15,300 men buried here, the identities of fewer than 3,000 are known.

Rounded granite headstones mark the graves of identified Union soldiers. The graves of unknown soldiers are marked by a small square stone bearing two numbers.  The number identifies the plot, the bottom number indicates the number of soldiers buried in the plot.

The above postcard shows an early 1900s view of the cemetery entrance. (See the back of the card postmarked June 5, 1911.)  The monument on the left is the Butterfield Monument erected to honor the valor of the Fifth Army Corps.

Chatham

Chatham Manor is one of the most historic homes in America. Chatham was built between 1768 and 1771 by William Fitzhugh and is located on the Rappahannock River in Stafford County Virginia. Continue reading Chatham

Historic Union Church

Carter Street, Falmouth, Virginia

The Forlorn Hope “On December 11, 1862, from the north side of the Rappahannock River in Stafford County, the 7th Michigan Infantry led an amphibious assault against the City of Fredericksburg’s tenacious Confederate sharpshooters, gave the Union arm a foothold on the opposite bank, and most importantly, allowed union engineers to complete the vital pontoon bridges needed to carry the rest of the Army of the Potomac safely across the water. The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought two days later.

In the aftermath of the battle, the defeated Union army set up winter quarters at Falmouth. Three companies of the 7th Michigan quartered inside the Union Church, a Falmouth landmark since its construction around 1819. Private Edward Wise, of Calhoun County, Michigan, etched his name on one of the church walls: “7 M Edward Wise Co I.”

In the spring of 1863, when the Army of the Potomac marched toward another major battle at Chancellorsville, Company B of the 7th Michigan remained at the Union Church and on picket duty in Falmouth along the river. A secret “submarine telegraph” was discovered at the Conway house below. Concealed under the river the device was used to pass messages about troop movements and other military information to the Confederates in Fredericksburg.

The Union Church also served as a Union hospital at various times during the war.

The structure, abandoned in 1935, suffered severely from a major storm in 1950.” As the result of the damage in 1950, the church was demolished except for the front section. Although the church is just a facade today, the heavy pound bell remained in the belfry until recently (December 15, 2011).

For more information Church visit: The Union Church Preservation Project